Developed in Rugby, Warwickshire, the game rugby is a type of football that used to be played in the public schools of England in the 19th Century. The origin of the game dates back to the Greek and Roman times. Harpastum is a Roman game adapted from a Greek ball game mentioned by Antidepressant the 350 B.C. These games resembled rugby.
Over time, the game has undergone many changes in form, style, rules, and exposure to the world. Here is everything you need to know about the game.
Presently, there are two types of rugby games, the league and the union. The prominent demarcation of the types happened in 1895. Back then, the difference was just administration. Today, the league and union have different rules, therefore, becoming two different forms of the game. Post 1995, both the forms became inclusive in openly professional sports.
The Rugby Football Union (RFU), was created in 1871. The Northern Union (NU) was formed in 1892 following charges on professionalism against some existing English clubs. A tussle between these clubs and the new union led to the eventual separation of the ‘rugby league’ and the ‘rugby union’.
The rules for the league and union forms are different today, but there are common grounds that make both the forms very similar. The similarities and differences include the following:
- The ball– the rugby ball is oval and has a standard size and weight for both the forms. It is against the rule to throw the ball with hand. Both the forms require players to either run with it or kick it forward, thus making the game a type of football.
- Number of players– The league has 13 players, while the union has 15. Until 1877, there used to be 20 players per team.
- Tackle rules– In a union game, the fight for possession comes right after a tackle. In a league game, play-the-ball game is continued after tackle, there is no room for possession contest.
- Scoring rules– What makes the league game faster is a six-tackle rule. In a league game, a team has to surrender possession of the ball if it does not score within six consecutive tackles. In a union game, there is no such rule. A team only lose possession of the ball if a member fouls.
Other differences include the scrum, and touch-line rules. All these little differences make the two forms very different in playing experience.
The rugby ball was initially called the quango. It is oval in shape just because it is easier to grip. However, another reason behind the shape is the balls were made by stitching leather case to pigs’ bladders. The size of the ball used to vary depending on the size of the bladder.
Today, the size of the ball is standardized to 280-300mm of length, 740-770mm of length-wise circumference, and 580-620mm of width-wise circumference. The air pressure is 9.5010.0 lb/square inch, and the weight ranges between 410-460 grams. Smaller size versions are available for younger teams.